Picture above of Subh the Basque
Subh, also known as Sobeya, was a 10th-century sultana who ruled the Caliph of Córdoba in Islamic Spain as a regent for her son Hisham II al-Hakam.
Subh was originally a Christian from Navarra by the name Aurora, who was brought as a slave – a Jāriya – to be a concubine in the harem of the Caliph in Cordoba. Her origin has alternatively been identified as Basque from the Gascony region.
Subh was a concubine of Christian origin, abducted from Navarro and brought to Cordoba. Subh’s origins have alternatively been identified as Basque from the Gascony region. She became the favorite wife of the Caliph.
After the death of al-Hakem, Al-Mansur Ibn Abi Aamir (also known as Almanzor), became the administrator of the properties left to Subh by al-Hakem.
Subh was allied with General Ghalib and al-Mansur, although the regents may have been al-Mushafi (the chief administrator of the late caliph), Ghalib and al-Mansur. In any event, it was al-Mansur, who was rumored to be Subh’s lover, who rose to become the new ruler of Cordoba. al-Mansur had become the de facto ruler of Córdoba by 978, pushing both Subh and Hisham to the sidelines.
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